... any of a very few pointing breeds - pointer, setter, and maybe Brittany - that is trained to find, point, and handle upland birds before the flush and shot, may (or may not) retrieve shot birds, and does not hunt fur-bearers.
So what they are not is any of the European versatile breeds. spaniels, retrievers, or mixed breeds. I have no problem with people who own and like these breeds, but in my book, they are Gundogs - a broader category that seems to suit these dogs and their abilities best.
I do not expect that everyone will agree with me - but there it is.